Orthotic insoles are a device placed inside the patient's shoes with the purpose of correcting faulty foot function. Poor foot biomechanics can be blamed for many common foot conditions such as Plantar Fasciitis (heel pain) and Metatarsalgia (ball of foot pain). However, research has shown that bad alignment of the feet also has an effect on other parts of the body, including the knees and lower back. Hence, orthotics is now being used to help treat a variety of conditions, including shin splints, knee and back pain. pronation is the rotation of the foot inward and downward so that, in walking, the foot comes down on its inner edge. Lastly, one must always consider the basic principles of shoe fitting as well. Shoes should be fit based on measured length AND width, with the assistance of a shoe salesperson familiar in their products who can provide more detailed fitting as manufacturers may slightly differ from stated shoe sizes. A size ten foot may fit in a size ten in one specific shoe and a nine and one half in a different shoe/manufacturer. Shoe sizes are a good guideline to go by, but may not be exact due to different shoe shapes and construction. Preparation refers to a conditioning program that incorporates appropriate warm up, flexibility, strength, endurance and balance training. Conditioning not only improves performance but also helps prevent injury by increasing our physiological tolerance and is a must for those that participate in any sport or regular activity. Flexibility and strength specific to plantar fasciitis include the gastroc-soleus complex, posterior tibialis and peroneal muscles of the calf because these muscles help control the rate and magnitude of pronation. The hip adductors, abductors and external rotators are important because they control internal rotation of the thigh (femur) and shin (tibia) bones, which also influence pronation of the foot. If flat feet are contributing to secondary problems, especially leg or foot pain, treatment may be necessary. Flat feet can sometimes cause difficulty walking or running and interfere with athletic activities. A visit to a podiatrist will involve an evaluation of foot structure and function. Besides a foot exam, a visit may include foot X-rays and an analysis of your feet while walking. These orthopedic shoes are worn to prevent conditions from happening. Their purpose is to ease the stress and for this to happen, the shoes have to be made depending on the person who will wear them. Examples include bunions, hammertoe, arches and diabetic sandals. Here you go, straight out of the regulation. Pes Planus is the official name for flat feet, which is listed below. Again, I think the doctors at MEPs will judge your flat feet and determine how severe they are and base their decision off that evaluation. With you being able to function properly with flat feet, you should be good. But again, contact a recruiter for an official answer. In a similar finding, a 2007 study looked at muscle strength associated with knee osteoarthritis. This study, reported in the journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders, found that hip strengthening helped to reduce knee joint stress as well as arthritis knee pain symptoms. Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure that treats unsightly varicose veins and so-called spider veins by shrinking them. Patients commonly wear compression stockings following sclerotherapy to promote healing. In June 2007, the "Journal of Vascular Surgery" reported that healing with compression stockings worn for three weeks after sclerotherapy achieved greater masking of veins than without stockings. Range of motion determines how far your joints can be moved in a particular direction. Having your patient perform range of motion exercises every day can increase flexibility in his or her joints, and reduce stiffness. Some patients can perform range of motion exercises without help, while others will need the assistance of a caregiver. Stop running and avoid other painful activities until your ankle pain subsides. Ice your ankle several times a day in 20-minute increments. Wear a compression wrap and elevate your foot and ankle above your heart to reduce inflammation and swelling. To further relieve pain and inflammation, take over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen. Your physician may immobilize your foot with a cast or walking boot to avoid additional pain, inflammation and injury. If you have lost ankle and foot flexibility and strength due to chronic ankle pain, consult a physical therapist about a rehabilitation program. Shoes and Orthotics.